## ENERGY UNIT CONVERSION CALCULATOR

#### (Work, Heat, Energy)

 joule J kilogram-force metre kgf m erg erg watt seconds W s kilowatt hours kW h calorieIT calIT foot pound-force ft lbf British thermal unitIT BtuIT thermIT thm newton metre N m

### Energy

Definition:
The capacity for doing work. Energy can exist the following forms: radiation; kinetic energy; potential energy; chemical energy; atomic energy; electromagnetic energy; electrical energy; and heat energy. N m = kg m2 s-2 = CV = V A s = W s = J (Joule).

There can be some confusion in some of the units of energy. The calorie can take 5 different values and, while these do not vary by very much, for accurate work it is necessary to specify which calorie is being used. The 5 calories are known as the:
• International Table calorie = cal(IT) = 4.1868 J
• thermochemical calorie = cal(th) = 4.184 J
• mean calorie = cal(mean) = 4.190 02 J
• 15 degree C calorie = cal(15C) = 4.185 80 J
• 20 degree C calorie = cal(20C) = 4.181 90 J.

Unless a clear statement is made saying otherwise, assume the IT calorie is being used. As a further complication, in working with food and expressing nutritional values, the unit of a Calorie (capital C) is often used to represent 1000 calories, and again it is necessary to specify which calorie is being used for that. The British thermal unit (Btu) can also take different values and they are named in a similar way to the calorie. Also note that the therm is 100 000 Btu so its exact size depends on which Btu is being used.
British thermal units:
• Btu(IT) = 1055.056 J
• Btu (th) = 1054.350 J
• Btu (mean) = 1055.87J

### CONVERSION CALCULATORS

#### Convert between Different Units of Measurement

 Index of Unit Converters

To use the measurement conversion calculators simply enter a number value into the desired field and click calculate. All results shown will be equivalent values. Values are given to seven significant figures ( the odd result may show 9's or 0's over running). Values of 10 000 or greater will be displayed in the e-format e.g. 2.3456e7 which equals 2.3456 x 107 or 23 456 000. Values lower than 0.001 will be displayed in the e-format e.g. 2.3456e-5 which equals 2.3456 x 10-5 or 0.000 023456. The calculators require that your browser has java script enabled. View all measurement unit conversion calculators on the same page (may not work with all browsers; requires Iframe).

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